BIBLIOGRAPHY This study was written in the fall of 1990 and has been completely revised and reorganized. The original typewritten bibliography list of the sources studied that were available in 1990. In the intervening years new material has been published and older material consulted that was overlooked in 1990. New material has been cited in various footnotes.

Four of the major players in the development of Washington Park went home to Glory since 1990 and the obituaries of Otto Snowden, Mayor John Collins, BRA Director Logue and HUD Secretary Robert Weaver are included in this appendix bibliography as well as the architect Carl Koch who died in 1998.

Two valuable books on Boston urban renewal were published in the 1990’s after this study was completed.

Kennedy, Lawrence W., Planning the City on a Hill, Boston Since 1630, UMass Press, Amherst. 1992.

O’Connor, Thomas H., Building the new Boston, Politics and Urban Renewal, 1950 –1970. Northeastern University Press, Boston, 1993.



Boston Globe. Jan. 28, 2000

Sunday New York Times, Feb. 20, 2000

New York Times April 23, 2000.

See alsoEdit

Boston Sunday Globe, June 3, 1986.Logue asses the good and bad of downtown urban renewal projects.

Boston Sunday Globe, Dec. 24, 1989. “ Time catches up with the New boston”.

Architecture Boston, Sept, 8, 1998,

“ Master Pieces” interview with Ed Logue by Rebecca Barnes AIA.

“ We managed to do a very different kind of urban renewal in the neighborhoods.. .the entire master plan for Boston from 1950 was based on the “tower in the park” concept. ... the West End became a Corbusier tower in the park. There are secrets to what we were able to do [ in Roxbury].One is you have to have a political leader who is tough and has vision. John Collins had that.”


Boston Herald. Nov 24, 1995

Boston Globe Nov,24, 1995.


New York Times, July 19, 1997 pg. 50

See alsoEdit

Time magazine cover story, March 4, 1966.

Newsweek, January 24, 1966.

Contemporary Black Biography, Vol 8, L.Mpho Mabundo, editor.Gale research, Detroit, 1995 Page 259-261.

Africana , Kwame A. Appiah and Henry Lewis Gates, editors, Basic Books, NY

1999. Page 1966.


Bsston Globe, Sept, 27, 1995 Died at 81 on Sept, 26, 1995.

Editorial Boston Globe Sept. 30, 1995.

See also

Bay State Banner May 31, 1984.” Freedom House founders retire”

Roxbury Citizen, Feb. 14, 1952.

MURIEL SNOWDEN obituary. Boston Globe. Sept 31, 1988.


Boston Globe July 10, 1998 Died at age 86/